How to talk about Future in French : Le Futur Simple

future tense in french language regular and irregular verbs

Talking about the Future in French requires you to be familiar with the Future tenses.

When French students usually start learning to talk about the future, they start off with Le Futur Simple,  since it’s the most commonly used.

Stay tuned, to learn how to talk about your future plans, predictions, or assumptions in French.

After reading this article, you’ll get a full understanding of French regular and irregular verbs in Future Simple.

What is Le Futur Simple ?

Le futur simple indicates that an action will occur in the future. In English, the Future Simple is equivalent to the will-future tense. This tense is mostly used for plans or intentions for the future, as well as for making predictions about the future.

The future tense is conjugated by adding the endings -ai, -as, -a, -ons, -ez and -ont to the infinitive of the verb.

Please note that we spell “le futur” without an -E in French.

The Future in English

The future tense uses the auxiliary will (or shall) + the main verb:

  • I will (l’ll) speak French.

How to make Future Tense in French (Regular Verbs)

In French, we do not use any auxiliary to form the future tense. The future tense is indicated by the verb endings, that are added to the infinitive form.

We add these endings “ai, as, a, ons, ez, ont” to the verb infinitive. Be careful to add the ending to the whole infinitive (including -er, or – it). Make sure to :

  • keep the infinitive of -er and ir verbs, for example, donner, finir
  • drop the final -e if the infinitive finished with -re verbs: for example, attendre  (attend)
  • Add the correct ending to the stem, depending on whether you are talking about je, tu, il, elle, on, nous, vous, ils or elles. The endings are the same for -er-ir and -re verbs.

Let’s take the verb parler. We take the infinitive, add the endings, and voilà.

PARLER + endings → parlerai, parleras, parlera, parlerons, parlerez, parleront

  • Je parlerai
  • tu parleras
  • il parlera
  • nous parlerons
  • vous parlerez
  • ils parleront

You’ll notice that the future endings look very much like the present tense of avoir. This is a good way to remember them for your French written test.

Elle vous parlera de son problème.

She’ll talk about her problem with you.

(Note that the ‘s’ or the ‘as’ and the ‘t’ of the ‘ont’ are silent).

Spelling changes in -er verbs

As with the present and imperfect tenses, a few -er verbs change their spellings slightly in the future tense.

  • Verbs finishing in -eler 

In verbs ending in -eler, such as appeler (meaning to call), the l doubles throughout the future tense.

Double consonants (ll) affect the pronunciation of the word.

The first e in appeler sounds like the vowel sound at the end of the English word teacher, whereas the first e in appellerai sounds like the one in the English word pet.

  • j’appellerai
  • tu appelleras
  • il/elle/on appellera
  • nous appellerons
  • vous appellerez
  • ils/elles appelleront

  There are two exceptions to this rule, geler ( to freeze) and peler ( to peel), which change in the same way as lever.

  • Verbs finishing in – eter

With verbs such as jeter (meaning to throw), that end in eter, the t doubles throughout the future tense.

The double consonant (tt) impacts the pronunciation of the word. In jeter, the first e sounds like the vowel sound at the end of the English word teacher, but in jetterai the first e sounds like the one in the English word pet.

  • je jetterai
  • tu jetteras
  • il/elle/on jettera
  • nous jetterons
  • vous jetterez
  • ils/elles jetteront

The exceptions to this rule include acheter (to buy ) that changes the same as lever.

  • Verbs finishing in -yer

Verbs such as nettoyerto clean), that end in -yer, the –y changes to –i throughout the future tense.

  • je nettoierai
  • tu nettoieras
  • il/elle/on nettoiera
  • nous nettoierons
  • vous nettoierez
  • ils/elles nettoieront


  • Verbs finishing in -ayer

Verbs ending in -ayer, such as payer (to pay) and essayerto try), can be spelled with either –ay or –i.

So je paierai and je payerai, for example, are both correct.

Je paye/paie

Tu payes/paies

Il/Ell/On paye/paie

Nous payons

Vous payez

Ils/Elles paient/ payent

  • Accent change

With verbs such as lever (meaning to raise), peser (meaning to weigh), and acheter (meaning to buy), e changes to è throughout the future tense. In lever the first e sounds like the vowel sound at the end of the English word teacher, but in lèverai and so on the first e sounds like the one in the English word pet.

  • Je lèverai
  • Tu lèveras
  • Il/Elle/ On lèvera
  • Nous lèverons
  • Vous lèverez
  • Ils/Elles lèveront

How to make Future Tense with Irregular Verbs

Many French verbs, however, have an irregular stem that must be memorized. Thankfully, the endings are always regular, so only the stem of the verb changes.

In the French future tense, an R sound always precedes the ending, and that’s one of the ways you’ll easily recognize the future tense.

Here is our list of the most common Irregular Verbs in French

  • être –  ser
  • avoir – aur
  • faire –  fer
  • aller – ir
  • venir –  viendr
  • voir –  verrai
  • recevoir –  recevr
  • savoir –  saur
  • vouloir –  voudr
  • devoir –  devr
  • pouvoir –  pourr

Here, you can practice conjugating the French verbs in the Future Simple.

When to use the Future Simple in French

In the following cases, we use the future simple:

  •   Talk about your future plans

Demain je rangerai les dossiers.

Tomorrow I’ll range the documents

  •   Making predictions or assumptions about the future.

Tu ne finiras jamais en une journée.

You’ll never finish in one day.

  • In conditional sentences (if statements)

Si on range à deux, on finira plus vite.

If we range together, we’ll finish more quickly.

Now, try making a sentence on your own.

Talking about Future in French

Although memorizing all these irregular verb stems may seem simple on paper, coming up with the right French verb form quickly is one of the most challenging tasks for French learners.

Practice makes perfect! Here, you can put your knowledge to the test, with  Future Simple exercise. 

Learning French verb forms in the Future Tense requires you to develop an ear for them and learn them in context to be able to use them correctly.

Related Posts

AP Spanish Language Practice

Looking to improve your Spanish skills to take your AP exam? Getting the highest score is just a click away! Find the best AP Spanish

English vs Spanish Language

Are you an English speaker and looking to learn Spanish? As siblings descended from Romance languages, they naturally share similarities. Check them out in our

French and Spanish Language Comparison

Do you wanna know how the two most passionate languages are similar? Let’s talk about the differences and similarities between these romance languages! Welcome to

When did Kobe Learn Spanish

Loving father, ideal husband, amazing man, successful Lakers player, businessman, and he also speaks Spanish! Do you know who he is? How could he do

ALTA Spanish Language Test Questions

Are you taking your ALTA language exam? Don’t let it catch you off guard. Check out the ALTA Spanish Language Test Questions for your high

I Hate the Spanish Language

Do you think Spanish is a beautiful and linguistically rich language? What about the negative opinions that hinder your choice to learn it as a

Get a Certificate in French Language

If you ask yourself why should you take the certification course in French, we’ll help you decide in which cases is useful and in which

What does “Doux” mean in French?

Discover the meaning of “doux” in French and its various uses. Learn how to use this common word in everyday conversation and improve your French

Need in French: Avoir Besoin

It’s in the human need to have needs, right? Learning how to express your needs in French is by all means an important step in

German riddles

Looking for some fun ways to practice your German language skills? Check out our collection of German riddles and tongue twisters! Test your wit and

Cheers in French: 8 happy ways to say it

Celebrate in French style! This blog showcases 8 happy ways to say “cheers” in French, perfect for impressing your French-speaking friends. Santé! How to say

Different Ways to Use Fois in French

Fois is a very common French word, used in different contexts. English speakers oftentimes confuse it with the word “temps”. In this lesson, you’ll learn

Funniest French jokes

In this article, we will share some of the funniest French jokes  that will have you laughing out loud. Let’s get started! Funniest French jokes

Funniest Spanish jokes

¡Hola! You’re in for a treat if you love to laugh and speak Spanish. We’ve compiled a list of the funniest Spanish jokes that will

Jokes about French

In this article, we’ll explore the humorous side of French culture through a collection of jokes about French. Let’s get started! Jokes about French Welcome

News in French: free resources

In this article, we will explore a variety of websites, podcasts, TV channels, and other resources that you can use to stay informed about news

Short German jokes

Laugh your way through language learning with our collection of short German jokes. Discover the funniest puns, one-liners, and more in our guide! German humor

The basic Spanish hand gestures

In this blog post, we will explore the most important Spanish hand gestures, and their meanings, providing a guide to effectively communicate with Spanish speakers

Beautiful French words with meaning

Discover the beauty of the French language by learning its meanings. Learn the beautiful French words and its meaning. Beautiful French words A lot of

How do you say “good” in French?

Learn how to say “good” in French with our easy guide. Perfect for beginners and travelers looking to improve their language skills. “Good” in French

How to say “Cat” in French

How to say cat in French? What’s the word for a kitten in French? Learn more about the basic terminologies of our favorite fur pet

Learn French with PDF resources

Do you know that you can learn French with PDF resources? In this article, we will explore the advantages of using PDF resources to learn

Funny French jokes

Welcome to our article on Funny French jokes! Are you ready to simultaneously laugh and learn a little bit about French culture? French humor can

Funny German jokes

Welcome to our article on Funny German jokes! Get ready to chuckle at some of the funniest German jokes. German jokes Germany has a rich

Quotes in France by famous people

In this article, we will explore some of the most memorable and inspiring quotes in France from French people that have been passed down through

Quotes in Spain by famous people

In today’s post, you’ll learn some famous quotes in Spain by famous people. Quotes in Spain Spain has a rich cultural history and has produced

Best German proverbs

This article will explore some of the most popular German proverbs and delve into their meanings and origins. Check this out! German proverbs German proverbs

French Riddles

Learning some French riddles and playing with a French-speaking friend are great ways to practice if you know a little French. French riddles A good

How to translate Good Evening in French

Welcome to our article on translating “Good Evening” into French! Suppose you’re planning a trip to a French-speaking country or want to impress your friends

Some facts about the French mafia

Let’s discover some facts about the French mafia. facts about the French mafia The French Mafia is one of the world’s most dangerous criminal organizations.

Some facts about the Spanish mafia

Let’s discover some facts about the Spanish mafia. Facts about the Spanish mafia The Spanish mafia is one of the most active and widespread criminal

Some facts about the German mafia

Let’s discover some facts about the German mafia.  Facts about the German mafia The German Mafia (; Maffia; from Italian mafiusi, “clan”) is a criminal