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Communication skills in a foreign language: Achieve fluency by solving tasks

communication skills in a foreign language achieve fluency by solving tasks

Enhance your foreign language communication skills and reach fluency with ease. Our blog guides you through solving tasks that boost your confidence and accuracy.

Four language and communication skills

four language and communication skills in learning german

The four communication and language talents are speaking, reading, and writing. These four language skills enable a person to understand and apply spoken language to inappropriate and fruitful interpersonal encounters. It is possible to have active or passive talents, verbal or written.

Examine the following aspects of each skill:

  • Listening – oral, passive
  • Speaking – oral, active
  • Reading – written, passive
  • Writing – written, active


The first language ability we learn in our mother tongue is listening. Understanding language as it is spoken to us necessitates receptive skills, also known as passive skills. It is the first of two communication skills necessary. Listening abilities will come in handy if you:

  • Recognize natural speakers when they speak.
  • Watch and understand films, television, and online video.
  • Play podcasts and listen to the radio.
  • Those who wish to learn to listen to and understand spoken language can do so through books, courses, and prolonged listening to native audio. This is quite prevalent among conference interpreters.

Listening is as important as speaking while learning a second language.


The second linguistic skill we learn in our mother tongue is speaking. The ability to appropriately form words through sound demands the employment of both our vocal tract and brains, categorizing it as a productive skill or an active talent.

The second of two natural language talents. Speaking clearly will benefit you because:

  • Conversation with locals
  • Greetings to the crowd

Reading and writing are not required to master languages with complex writing systems; just romanization is needed.


The third linguistic ability we can master in our mother tongue is reading. Reading, like listening, necessitates using both our eyes and brains to absorb the written form of spoken language, defining it as a passive or receptive talent.

Because not all naturally occurring spoken languages have a writing system, it is one of the two artificial language talents.

If you have the chance, read:

  • Read newspapers, books, and magazines for German news.
  • Signs, alarms, and announcements must be translated in-country.

Reading is a great way to learn new things and improve communication and language abilities. Those who want to read a language’s literature without speaking to a native speaker can do it purely through books and vocabulary lists.


writing in learning german language

The fourth linguistic skill we can master in our mother tongue is writing. Writing, like speaking, requires our hands and minds to create the written symbols representing our spoken language, making it a productive or active talent.

Writing is one of the two artificial language abilities, along with reading, because not all naturally occurring spoken languages have a writing system.

Writing well allows you to do the following:

  • Personal emails, letters, and texts should be sent.
  • Long-form materials such as articles, essays, and books should be noted.

Simply practice making and copying symbols to write in another language. Calligraphers are especially vulnerable to this.

A combination of the four communicative skills

So, what are the skills needed for efficient language communication? So there you have it: a brief overview of language and communication abilities. Are these skills now equitably addressed in language learning plans? There is no way.

People read, listen, speak, and write regularly. Surprisingly, writing is not essential to master a second or native language. The lack of a script in many languages attests to this.

Language learners, however, should mix all four skills rather than relying on just one. In this section, I’ll explain some realistic actions you can perform to keep your language study schedule balanced.

How to improve your communication skills in a foreign language

Teachers and students must grasp the many types of oral activities used in foreign language instruction and the activities’ various aims. Unfortunately, we frequently need clarification on oral communication and oral practice.

Guided practice activities generally enhance accuracy, whereas communicative activities are designed to improve fluency.

While guided practice activities can be beneficial in the early stages of foreign language teaching, they cannot replace actual dialogue. Foreign language communication skills involve four separate sub-competencies:

  • The ability to make grammatically accurate utterances is referred to as grammatical ability.
  • The ability to make suitable sociolinguistically utterances is defined as sociolinguistic competence.
  • Discourse refers to the ability to make coherent and cohesive utterances.
  • Strategic – the ability to cope with challenges of communication as they emerge.

Four separate cognitive processes are involved in the production of speech:

  • Conceptualization
  • Utterance formulation
  • Speech Pronunciation
  • Self-monitoring

Speaking must go through all four stages to function as a communication activity.

However, much of the classroom oral practice consists of repeating prefabricated words, omitting the first two cognitive processes. This will not help you converse in a foreign language better.

It’s fun to do things in a foreign language

I argue that communication is more than just linguistic skills. The distinction between guided practice and communication is now apparent: it distinguishes between fraudulent and authentic communication.

This emphasis is warranted since the ultimate goal of communicative language instruction, “communicative competence,” can only be obtained by authentic communication in the target language.

Although conventional instructional strategies such as reading aloud from dialogues and participating in oral exercises serve a function, they should always be distinct from verbal communication. There is a dearth of expressive intent and imaginative language use in guided oral practice.

Your goal should be to develop your communication skills in a foreign language. In addition to language, communication includes hand gestures and facial expressions.

A focus on listening skills in a foreign language

Listening, as previously said, is a necessary skill for clear communication in any language. Listening is the ability to accurately hear and interpret communications in the communication process.

To properly communicate, you must first listen. Messages are easily misunderstood if one lacks the skill to listen effectively.

As a result, communication has broken down, and everyone is prone to feeling upset or frustrated. Hearing and listening are not the same things.

The impression of noises that reach your ears is referred to as hearing. If you do not have any hearing problems, it is a physical process that occurs without your conscious knowledge.

Listening, on the other hand, necessitates concentration and focus, both mental and occasionally bodily. Understanding what you’re hearing is required for good listening. This is known as comprehensible input.

The four stages of listening to a new language

If you want to increase your foreign language listening skills, the steps should be correctly arranged and built upon one another. Pre-listening should begin with activating past knowledge and clarifying your expectations and preconceptions about the content.

Holistic healing aims to comprehend the gist of the listening text after the first or second listen.

Intensive listening is intended to provide a comprehensive grasp of specific areas of the text. The purpose of post-listening is to apply what you’ve learned while hearing. If the correct audiobooks are used, it is possible to learn German while driving.


A solid pre-listening strategy assists you in activating the prior knowledge and linguistic aspects required for text comprehension without “feeding” you this information.

Before listening, prepare a list of the passage’s terminology. Unless it’s exceedingly tough, I’d instead not look at a text transcription. The pre-listening phase’s aims are as follows:

  • To increase vocabulary relating to the subject
  • To make some educated guesses regarding the text’s substance
  • To ask some questions that will compel them to listen

Global comprehension

After the first or second listen, “global comprehension” refers to absorbing the hearing material’s primary idea(s) or gist. Even if you pick up on some details after the first listen, try to focus on the overall meaning first to lay the groundwork for picking up on additional subtleties during subsequent listens.

This is a critical stage in developing your foreign language listening skills. Hearing particular “segments” of the text is what segmental listening includes, whereas holistic listening entails attending to the “whole” text.

Children should practice holistic listening before segmental listening to enhance processing skills and stamina. When undertaking extended listening, segmental listening is beneficial.

You must acquire training and be exposed to a vast amount of listening input to develop your listening skills. Your ability to listen in a foreign language is determined by the information. Keep the following in mind when completing while-listening exercises to develop communication skills:

  • Allow children two or three times to hear the written material before initiating hard listening.
  • Refraining from asking specific questions can encourage pupils to focus on the overall topic after the initial listen.
  • After the first listen, make assumptions and confirm them after the second.
  • At this point, focus your queries and attention on the sections of the texts that are understandable in terms of language and sentence structures. Nothing in the book is required to “make sense” to you.

Intensive Listening

We must concentrate on attentive listening in addition to general comprehension. This is critical for developing effective listening techniques and bottom-up listening skills, and the top-down skills highlighted in global listening exercises to increase communication abilities.

This is the next logical step in the listening practice to improve your foreign language understanding. Intensive listening entails focusing on specific text passages, which should occur only once children have attained global text comprehension.

Intensive listening can be used to accomplish a range of objectives, including:

  • Gaining a better comprehension of specific text segments
  • Specific text fragments transcription
  • Using context to figure out what a word or phrase means
  • Examine specific text grammatical structures to evaluate how they can help to understand, etc.


A post-listening exercise is a follow-up activity to the listening activity that tries to develop other skills, such as speaking and writing, by putting what was learned via hearing into practice.

If post-listening activities are pleasurable, fascinating, and well-planned, they allow for recycling and extra activation of language and structures.

A focus on conversational skills in a foreign language

Daily, how can I develop my language and communication skills? These are six alternatives to traveling to improve your language. Remember that immersion is the most effective technique for learning a new language.

Use these techniques regularly to make them a part of your everyday routine. Going overseas will undoubtedly accelerate your learning of a foreign language because you will only be able to communicate in that language there.

This is an excellent opportunity to practice a foreign language. What if you are unable to attend due to family obligations? Does this mean you’ve given up on your plans to learn and perfect a foreign language?

“Before you can speak a foreign language successfully, you must master your pronunciation, study vocabulary, and develop your listening abilities!” you’ve heard.

Do you need help communicating successfully, or are you wasting your time trying to speak a foreign language? No, because there are several methods for improving your public speaking abilities.

Here are six alternatives to studying a foreign language and practicing conversation:

Attend language exchange events

Do you want to improve your communication and language abilities? Language exchange programs are available in several mid-sized cities. Language exchange events can take many different shapes.

A language exchange event is any gathering promoting foreign languages with other foreigners. That is how many foreign white males succeed in flirting with local girls in the Far East (I’ve been to some in Taipei, Taiwan).

I like to flirt, but I also want to study languages meticulously. Any occasion to practice speaking a foreign language, however, is proper.

Individuals sit down and speak more like a study group on some occasions; on others, you converse cheerfully while standing with a wine glass in your hand. Speakeasy in Berlin and Polyglot Café in Taipei are two outstanding examples.

Continue to utilize your target language and resist the impulse to switch to your original tongue, and results will surface nearly quickly.

I used to go to a Berlin event every few weeks where German and Spanish were spoken concurrently, and all Germans spoke just German. Only one took notes on all of the German’s wheels. Everyone was impressed with my weekly development, even as they continued to communicate in the German language.

Change the settings on your apps and smartphone

You frequently set the language on your smartphone to your native tongue. If you want to improve your communication abilities while learning new terms, switch to a foreign language.

Despite its simplicity, this update produces an immersive experience that drives you to fulfill your objective of learning a foreign language.

Chat with a language partner

chat with a language partner in learning german language

Another fantastic technique to develop your conversational abilities is to find a partner. Thanks to technological improvements, you can connect with anyone from the comfort of your home.

You don’t need an instructor as a companion; you only need to practice having pleasant conversations. That’s plenty for conversational foreign language practice.

Immersion is critical for learning a new language. Use these techniques regularly to incorporate them into your everyday routine. Making errors in communication in a foreign language.

When conversing in a foreign language, this is common. You will finally master the foreign language and be fluent in it. You will also learn colloquial terminology to make yourself sound more natural.

Label everything in your house

The residence is where you spend the majority of your time. Why not transform it into a learning center where you can learn about your business? Spend some time labeling everything in your house using Post-it notes.

If you examine these notes daily, you will acquire the foreign language faster than anticipated. It’s like practicing a foreign language when you chat with yourself.

Listen to the radio and podcasts

Listening to podcasts and radio in a foreign language is another technique to practice conversation. It is convenient to listen to numerous sorts of media while driving. You won’t have to spend much money on them because most of the information is free. Yes! It is possible to practice speaking a foreign language for free.

Start reading in a new language

Why not start acting like a local to get the most out of your language-learning experience? Determine which news outlet foreign language speakers favor and begin viewing it. It will enhance your confidence while also expanding your vocabulary.

A focus on writing skills in a foreign language

What competencies are required for efficient language communication? Writers are one example. Everyone desires to become fluent in a foreign language, and one technique is to write.

To be innovative, you can only partially understand a new language. Control is gained by having a wide vocabulary and a good comprehension of the grammar rules of a new language.

Even when working with limited language, students can be creative. If they do it at the outset, they can apply it more successfully as they gain more knowledge.

Consider how much more imaginatively a child plays with a cardboard box than with the most recent electronic toy. Before we get into some tactics for enhancing it in a foreign language, let’s first define it and how to master it.

The nature and purpose of writing

Writing is a productive skill because it allows the writer to create a new language while understanding previously known material. The following things have an impact on what and how we write:

  • Different writing styles and communication standards are required for letters, computers, smartphone texting, and other kinds of communication.
  • Poetry, short stories, lecture notes, etc.
  • Subject-verb agreement, tense, aspect markers, references, and other factors must all be considered.
  • Methods of greeting in a letter, proper phrasing of ideas, and so forth.

Making a grocery list, writing an essay for school, or producing a report for a business presentation are all instances of how writing is employed in daily communication. Examples of everyday writing purposes include:

  • Orders for Purchase
  • Essays and Term Papers
  • Poetry and song lyrics
  • Novels, short stories, and literary prose
  • Notes
  • Emails and text messages
  • Letters and postcards
  • Personal journals and blogs

As a result, it is necessary to consider the following design considerations when preparing to write in a foreign language:

  • Language activities for strengthening communication skills should be based on realistic, real-life communication scenarios.
  • Writing in another language can fulfill the same purposes as writing in your mother tongue.
  • Writing in a foreign language should be taught properly, not as a last-minute supplement.

To learn a foreign language through writing, you must consider these things while developing more practical writing tasks.

  • Complete the assignment’s instructional objectives (e.g., do not say that the task practices narration when all it does is drill the past tense)
  • Students can complete
  • Students learn how to communicate successfully in real-life circumstances.

The benefits of creative writing for learners

Creative writing aids in all elements of language development, including grammar, vocabulary, phonology, and discourse. Learners must change the language in fascinating and challenging ways to communicate entirely individual meanings.

As a result, they process the language on a deeper level than other explanatory texts.

Enhancements in grammatical range and accuracy, lexical appropriateness and creativity, and sensitivity to rhyme, rhythm, emphasis, and intonation. Texts that are related in some way are helpful since they aid in gradually learning a foreign language.

  • Writing creatively helps a writer express themselves in innovative ways by utilizing language. This causes you to consider a new language much more profoundly, resulting in more significant results.
  • It also permits you to break up with your routine. It is easy for students or learners to become jaded and bored with the same old curriculum while attempting to learn a new language.
  • By examining and experimenting with diverse meaning-making processes, creative writing assists you in improving your cognitive methods. That is if you can relax and realize that learning a language is a process that will need you to make several mistakes.

Make a habit of reading and writing

To reap all of these advantages and master a foreign language through writing, you must be able and motivated to learn consistently. Whatever method you use, every learner eventually becomes content or bored with the same way of learning.

Consistency is required for creative writing, as with any other technique for language development.

Let your creativity lead you. Consider learning a new language as a game. Make mistakes without fear. Making mistakes is necessary to be creative and experiment with a new language.

Test your limits. Children enjoy playing with words, but you should be able to do it even better as an adult because you have a broader vocabulary and can write in great depth.

Writing is a complex process that requires authors to have specific thoughts they want to convey. Develop a love of reading.

One of the most excellent methods to expand your vocabulary, enhance your writing skills, and master the grammar of a new language is to read a lot of literature in that language. I read as much as possible in each language I study, including novels, newspaper articles, poetry, comic books, and user manuals.

A native speaker should proofread your work. Write something and share it on Italki. Native speakers of that language will read your journal entry and provide helpful feedback while pointing out any faults.

With exchange, you can assist other users in editing entries in your native language. You can learn a new language by receiving feedback.

Four ideas for creative writing in a foreign language


Pre-writing activities assess and expand students’ understanding of appropriate vocabulary, grammar rules, and, most crucially, background information because background knowledge makes meaningful and enjoyable written output. Pre-writing exercises are an essential component of good writing education.

Pre-writing exercises can take a variety of forms. Associograms, prompts, interviews, and reading/listening activities are just a few of the successful approaches for getting started with writing that we will cover in this article.

  • A sociogram is a collection of lexical units and thoughts associated with a single topic.
  • A well-chosen image or song might boost a student’s creativity. A few questions, along with the image, can considerably aid the flow of ideas. Using written prompts, students can generate compelling material by hypothesizing what is happening in a picture.
  • Interviews can help students explore beyond their personal experiences and produce writing ideas. It works best when some questions are surprising and “hook” the students’ interests.
  • Responding to text messages Language learners can pick up new vocabulary, phrases, grammatical structures, and helpful pragmatic information when they answer texts, whether orally or in writing (e.g., how to structure an e-mail, a movie review, etc.).

Alternate endings

Any text can be used with activities for varied endings (from stories, music, or film). Students can simply make up their endings to well-known works of literature.

Reading can also be used to forecast how a narrative will end. Students also compose a five-year sequel to the original story. Ask students to recreate the entire story (or specific moments) from the perspective of a minor character.

Short stories

Modern fairy tales, parables, moment-in-life descriptions, and even puzzles can all be found in short stories. Before writing, pupils should read a mystery story to grasp the appropriate vocabulary, syntax, and narrative structure.

Production tasks

Production jobs include wiki entries, blogs, and brochure marketing study abroad opportunities. These exercises help students enhance their communication abilities and may be more appropriate for intermediate or advanced pupils.

Writing is useful and fun

Writing should be taught as a separate skill in foreign language schools, not as a supplement to speaking, listening, or reading.

Writing is a challenging process that necessitates authors having well-defined concepts to transmit, being aware of their audience, understanding the objective of the texts they generate, and using the grammatical qualities of language necessary for effectively communicating meaning.

Writing assignments should reflect the wide range of writing goals encountered in the actual world. Language learners can relate their foreign language studies to the meaningful expression of ideas through writing, which is vital for literacy development.

If you add creative writing into your study strategy, you may feel more in command of the language. Writing is a fun and effective way to learn a new language. This is a unique three-minute German language learning planner.

Improve your foreign language through creative writing

For various reasons, creative writing is a fantastic approach to improving your foreign language writing skills.

  • It’s an opportunity to practice new vocabulary and grammar rules and, if necessary, extend your vocabulary by looking up new words in a dictionary.
  • It’s a chance to double-check the spelling of words you’ve heard but has yet to use in writing.
  • It’s a peaceful moment to think about the language you’re learning. You may be wondering why I am using this tense. LF? What are the best words to explain this? “, “How do I combine these words to form a sentence? ” Are these terms related? “.
  • Writing is delightful in and of itself, but you can also enjoy sharing your work with teachers and friends from other nations.
  • It also qualifies as speaking and reading practice if you read aloud what you’re writing and check the pronunciation online (using Google Translate or another website).

Some of the reasons why creative writing can help you enhance your ability to write in a foreign language are as follows:

  • Provides vibrant and attractive chances for language practice.
  • It is not uncontrollable verbal doodling but necessitates precision and clarity in language and vocabulary.
  • It enables us to focus on specific ideas or literary text forms.
  • It is within reach for most of us, but it allows students to explore their language and imagination.
  • It is not a replacement or substitute for oral communication but rather a colorful, entertaining manner of imparting new meaning to a largely neglected language skill.

Write about what keeps you motivated

While having your papers checked by an instructor, language partner, or internet volunteer is excellent, merely handling new words can help with memorization. With practice, writing in a foreign language will inevitably improve.

The easiest method to practice those words is to utilize them in conversation. As both a teacher and a student, I begin each language session by summarizing the most significant themes from the previous lesson, which includes creating sentences using the terms.

During your language tandem, you can do the same. Creating your sentences, on the other hand, is advantageous. Because it is customary to underestimate one’s ability to write in a foreign language, creative writing is an excellent habit to develop.

I loathe wearing clothes, let alone understanding what they are called in different languages. Rather than pointing, I’d describe the clothing’s style or color.

Post your homework on Italki

It is always possible to improve your foreign language writing skills. If you have a pen and some paper, you can always write.

This may sound ancient in the age of language learning applications, but research suggests that taking down your notes by hand helps you recall the subject more efficiently. This is also true for written language proficiency.

There is one drawback to leaving your writing on paper. Sharing them and having someone correct them is realistic if you have a patient tutor. A native speaker can help you with your schoolwork for free!

As a result, I constantly upload my coursework to Italki. Italki, the world’s largest online language learning community, is where you can publish your homework to be reviewed and edited for free by other users.

Yes, you can get free homework help from a native speaker! You feel inspired in this way because you know someone will read it and potentially alter it for you.

Selecting “community” from the top menu will take you to the “notebook” page on Italki’s website. If you’re new to Italki, use this link to receive a $10 credit toward your first Skype lesson (registration is free).

You will need the following tools to participate in an online live class:

  • A high-resolution webcam
  • Headphones with noise cancellation
  • Skype

You’ll need the following to stay focused and motivated:

  • A mug
  • A t-shirt

Google Translate and search are your friends

google translate and search are your friends in learning german language

You probably don’t know how to spell some words or can’t think of an acceptable word in the language you’re learning. If you want to increase your writing ability in a foreign language, you’ve come to the perfect place.

If you are writing alone, you cannot ask your teacher or language exchange partner for assistance.

In this circumstance, Google Translate is your closest buddy. Understand me. I’m not advocating copying and pasting every humorous Google Translate translation.

Google Translate could be a valuable tool to augment your writing tasks and learning process. Here’s how I put it to use:

1. Check your spelling

Google Translate can warn you in real-time if a sentence looks inaccurate. While it still has difficulty with complex sentences, it is excellent at spelling. Accept its recommendations.

2. Look them up in a dictionary

Google will produce a dictionary-like list of all definitions, including synonyms, for any term you type in the text box. Quick, please?

3. Look it up in the context

Google Translate may appear dumb, but it is pretty sophisticated. When you enter a word in the context of a phrase or sentence, Google will select the best definition.

4. Respond to usage queries

Experiment with your sentence in the real world. A fast Google search will turn up responses for grammatical queries like:

  • Which preposition should be used (“in the interest of” or “with the intention of”)?
  • In German, adjectives appear before or after the word they refer to. Is it “Vita Bella” or “Vita Bella”?
  • Usage: deciding which of two similar terms is used more frequently (“a profound understanding” or “a deep insight”?). Compare the number of results for both phrases.

Go to your Google search preferences and select your target language and native language under Search Language for the most accurate results.

Writing practice is simple, useful, and fun

Writing is one of many things you can do to improve your language skills. Writing creatively in a foreign language is a beautiful approach to developing your writing skills.

Feel free to write about anything that keeps you motivated, no matter how weird or challenging the topic is. Write by hand or post your homework on Italki if you want free corrections from native speakers.

Use Google Translate and Google Search to supplement your writing practice and learning experience (but don’t lie or steal!). Allow your inner writer to lose!

Tips for foreign language teachers

In the following sections, we’ll provide suggestions for teachers wishing to improve their lessons to help their students’ communicative skills. Communication tasks, task planning, and task-based learning will be prioritized. We’ll also discuss some principles and ideas for creating a killer lecture.

What is task-based language learning?

The purpose of task-based language teaching (TBLT), also known as task-based instruction (TBI), is to encourage students to utilize the target language to complete meaningful tasks. It is a student-centered approach to teaching second languages.

It is a subset of the communicative approach in which activities that enhance communication skills focus on getting students to use the real target language to fulfill crucial tasks such as project-based assignments and real-world scenarios.

These chores could involve going to the doctor, calling someone, interviewing someone to get their perspective on a specific subject, or accumulating statistics for a poster or ad. Assessments generally depend on how successfully pupils do activities in the actual world rather than on the accuracy of prescribed language forms.

As a result, TBLT is especially popular for boosting students’ confidence and fluency in the target language. As part of communicative language education (CLT).

Instead of false communication that arises from classroom activities with no real-world application, task-based learning makes English communicative in the classroom.

Because you have previously introduced your pupils to the relevant vocabulary and constructs earlier in the chapter or unit, the emphasis in task-based learning is on something other than grammar.

The goal is instead to assist students in developing linguistic strategies for completing tasks within the restrictions of their target language expertise.

Assessment is based on task outcome because the emphasis is on spontaneous, creative language use, whether spoken or written, rather than exact accuracy.

Any emphasis on forms, such as grammar or vocabulary, increases the possibility that pupils will become distracted with finding and fixing defects, as well as researching a new language in dictionaries and grammatical references, diverting their attention away from the job at hand.

Task-based teaching improves communication skills in a foreign language

The task-based learning paradigm provides crucial abilities in and of itself. Students learn to ask questions, negotiate to mean, and communicate and interact in groups.

This group activity allows them to see diverse problem-solving strategies and acquire insight into how others think and conduct themselves.

These talents are essential for success in the real world, regardless of the language(s) utilized. Language ability is merely one facet of communication.

Additionally, task-based learning equips students with the linguistic abilities to execute these real-world tasks. These abilities include knowing how to present yourself, your family, your interests, likes and dislikes, your requirements, and so on in the proper sociocultural context.

Students learn that a language is a tool for addressing and (re)solving real-world situations through task-based learning.

Task-based education stresses discourse and involvement, using formal language at the appropriate time, and moving away from mechanical drills—though such exercises have a place in language training even today, especially when teaching highly inflected languages. This is necessary to increase your capacity to communicate in a foreign language.

Designing communicative tasks to improve foreign language skills

Language and communication skills tasks include the following features:

  • A job requires a primary focus on meaning exchange.
  • There is a ‘gap’ in a task.
  • The participants choose the language resources needed to perform the assignment.
  • A task has a specific, non-linguistic result.
  • Participant contact is required to achieve the desired result.
  • A task contains a method for organizing and sequencing interaction.
  • An effort is required to grasp, manipulate, and produce the target language as part of a task.

Language competence and communication skills: 3 types of tasks

The following are the three primary types of exercises for enhancing linguistic communication:

  • Fill in the blanks. It is the exchange of knowledge from one person to another. Pair work, for example, is when one person in the pair possesses a component of the complete information (for example, a partial picture) and tries to transmit it verbally to the other.
  • The reasoning process has come to a halt. Inference, deduction, practical reasoning, or detecting relationships or patterns generate new knowledge from existing information. Determine the best course of action (for example, the cheapest or fastest) for a given purpose and under specified restrictions is one example.
  • Different points of view. Recognizing and expressing a distinct choice, emotion, or attitude in response to a specific event is what it implies.
  • Participating in a discussion about a social issue, for example. The person or situation determines the outcome.

Task’s demands

Both teachers and students can spend far too much time discussing a foreign language and far too little time using it. We must provide additional opportunities for pupils to develop their oral communication abilities in their courses.

This relates to student satisfaction. They’ll discover how energizing it is to do tasks in a foreign language.

A communicative task requires the student to meet three cognitive, linguistic, and communicative demands. When establishing a task, it is vital to find a balance between difficulty and accessibility.

  • Cognitive demands (familiarity with the topic; memory requirements; processing demands)
  • Linguistic expression complexity (vocabulary, grammar, textual/genre conventions)
  • Communication tension (face-threatening topic or task; the number of people involved; relationships of those involved)

Design and practice

A communicative assignment’s structure in the classroom significantly impacts its performance and the development of language communication abilities.

  • Designers should examine the four questions stated below when considering how to structure a task:
  • What are the learners intended to take away from their interaction?
  • What are the relevant subcomponents of the topic?
  • What activities may students engage in to learn more about the subcomponents? (For instance, make lists, fill up charts, etc.)
  • What linguistic support do students need to carry out work plans?

Guidelines for teachers

Here are some examples of communicative exercises that can be used to develop language communication skills:

  • Make the goal clear from the beginning.
  • Involve all participants equally.
  • Ensure that kids are well-prepared.
  • Provide detailed instructions and examples.
  • Make an effort to combine groups.
  • Assign activities that students will find entertaining and relevant.
  • Circulation, circulatory system, circulatory system
  • Teach group interaction skills.
  • Hold the group accountable for completing the work on schedule.

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