Noun subordinate sentences in Spanish

subordinate clauses nouns spanish

In almost every language there are independent clauses and compound sentences.

For some people, compound structures sound like a difficult thing to learn just because of the “compound” word. However, let me tell you that, in Spanish, compound sentences are quite easy to use.

Some popular sentences into that group are the noun subordinate sentences.

Noun subordinate sentences are a great tool to replace a subject in a sentence. They help you sound well-spoken and, if you’re giving a conference, let me tell you that your audience will feel engaged.

For that reason, since they are a must-have tool for Spanish learners, we will teach you how to use them in this short explanation.

What are the noun subordinate sentences?

Noun subordinate sentences are just propositions that play the same role that nouns, pronouns, and nominal syntagms do in the main sentence. In other words, they can replace the subject.

A good example would be the sentence “Sabes que tengo razón” = (You know I’m right).

The part of the sentence “…que tengo razón” would be the subordinate one and play the subject role.

Just like any other subordinate sentence, noun subordinate sentences may have verbs, subjects, and many other complements.

However, they depend on the hierarchy. After all, in Spansish subordinate sentences, the main sentence has a higher hierarchy than the subordinate one. Also, they are connected by a nexus word like “que” or a verb in the infinitive form.

Let’s see another example to understand this better:

No vale la pena pedir perdón a esta altura.

It’s not worth apologizing at this point

In this case, you may realize that the subordinate sentence would be “pedir perdón” and starts with a verb in the infinitive form.

How to identify them?

There are a few things you should keep in mind to identify noun subordinate sentences. First, they are always introduced by a connector or a verb in the infinitive form.

Some connectors Spanish speakers typically use are: “que” and “a”. For example, if you say “¿Quieres que vaya a tu casa?” = (Do you want me to go to your house), the subordinate sentence starts with the connector word “que”.

On the other side, an example with a verb in the infinitive form would be “Juan quiere ir de viaje.” = (Juan wants to go on a trip.)

The second and last thing you should keep in mind when identifying noun subordinate sentences is that they can be replaced by a demonstrative neutral pronoun.

Some Spanish demonstrative neutral pronouns are: “eso” and “aquello”.

Let’s see the following examples:

Esto es beneficioso para el espíritu.

This is beneficial for the spirit.

¿Quieres eso?

Do you want that?

How to build a noun subordinate sentence

There are four elements we could use to introduce a subordinate sentence of this kind.

First, a connector word like “que” or “si”. Second, a verb in the indicative or infinitive form. Third, interrogatory adverbials or pronouns. And fourth, relative pronouns.

Let’s see some examples for each case to get a clear picture:

Le pidió que llegara temprano al teatro.

He asked her to come to the theater early.

Me pregunto si lloverá esta noche.

I wonder if it will rain tonight.

A Juan le encanta comer chocolate.

Juan loves to eat chocolate.

Dijo que es mejor si pedimos permiso para salir temprano de clases.

He said that it is better if we ask for permission to leave class early..

Nadie sabe dónde estuvo aquella noche.

No one knows where he was that night.

El que corre más rápido es el ganador de la carrera.

The one who runs the fastest is the winner of the race.

How to use noun subordinate sentences

In Spanish, subordinate sentences can play several roles. In that case, the roles that noun subordinate sentences may play are listed below:

Sujeto (Subject)

Complemento directo (Direct Complement)

Aposición (Apposition)

Complemento indirecto (Indirect Complement)

Complemento Circunstancial (Circumstantial Complement)

Término de complemento Agente (Agent complement term)

Complemento régimen (Regime Complement).

Complemento preposicional de sustantivos, adjetivos y adverbios. (Prepositional complement of nouns, adjectives, and adverbials).

With all of these strange names, you may be thinking “What are they talking about?”. Although the roles of these sentences have “complex” names, there’s nothing to be afraid of.

Below, you’ll find some examples for each case that will show you how simple using these sentences is.

Beber alcohol aquí no está permitido. (Subject)

Drinking alcohol here is not allowed.

Me dijiste que se había arrepentido. (Direct Complement)

You told me he had regretted it.

Mi hermana, la que vive en Tandil, está embarazada. (Apposition)

My sister, the one who lives in Tandil, is pregnant.

Multarán a los que no tengan la licencia al día. (Indirect Complement)

They will fine those who do not have the license up to date.

No saldremos hasta que no termines tu tarea. (Circumstantial Complement)

We’re not leaving until you finish your homework.

Fue informado de la noticia por el que había sido su mejor amigo. (Agent complement term)

He was informed of the news by what had been his best friend.

Confío en que sabrás actuar con prudencia. (Regime Complement).

I trust that you will know how to act with prudence.

Está cansado de que le digan mentiras. (Prepositional complement)

He is tired of being told lies.

Now you have a better appreciation of how noun subordinate sentences look, we will explain just a few more things.

The first thing you need to know is that when you have an apposition, it always goes between two commas. You can remove it and the main sentence will not lose its meaning. Nevertheless, appositions are good to provide more detailed information.

Another thing you should keep in mind is that, as you may notice, in general, the connector word we use is “que” but the word “si” is also a good alternative.

The connector “si” is even better than “que” when you want to use a noun subordinate sentence as a circumstantial complement.

You can practice with some activities, click here!

Spanish subordinate sentences

In summary, this is all you need to know about noun subordinate sentences.

Nonetheless, you have to practice in order to achieve success. Otherwise, becoming proficient at speaking Spanish can become a hill up.

Don’t forget that subordinate sentences help you communicate better and will enhance your speaking in a professional way.

Related Posts

AP Spanish Language Practice

Looking to improve your Spanish skills to take your AP exam? Getting the highest score is just a click away! Find the best AP Spanish

English vs Spanish Language

Are you an English speaker and looking to learn Spanish? As siblings descended from Romance languages, they naturally share similarities. Check them out in our

French and Spanish Language Comparison

Do you wanna know how the two most passionate languages are similar? Let’s talk about the differences and similarities between these romance languages! Welcome to

When did Kobe Learn Spanish

Loving father, ideal husband, amazing man, successful Lakers player, businessman, and he also speaks Spanish! Do you know who he is? How could he do

ALTA Spanish Language Test Questions

Are you taking your ALTA language exam? Don’t let it catch you off guard. Check out the ALTA Spanish Language Test Questions for your high

I Hate the Spanish Language

Do you think Spanish is a beautiful and linguistically rich language? What about the negative opinions that hinder your choice to learn it as a

Get a Certificate in French Language

If you ask yourself why should you take the certification course in French, we’ll help you decide in which cases is useful and in which

What does “Doux” mean in French?

Discover the meaning of “doux” in French and its various uses. Learn how to use this common word in everyday conversation and improve your French

Need in French: Avoir Besoin

It’s in the human need to have needs, right? Learning how to express your needs in French is by all means an important step in

German riddles

Looking for some fun ways to practice your German language skills? Check out our collection of German riddles and tongue twisters! Test your wit and

Cheers in French: 8 happy ways to say it

Celebrate in French style! This blog showcases 8 happy ways to say “cheers” in French, perfect for impressing your French-speaking friends. Santé! How to say

Different Ways to Use Fois in French

Fois is a very common French word, used in different contexts. English speakers oftentimes confuse it with the word “temps”. In this lesson, you’ll learn

Funniest French jokes

In this article, we will share some of the funniest French jokes  that will have you laughing out loud. Let’s get started! Funniest French jokes

Funniest Spanish jokes

¡Hola! You’re in for a treat if you love to laugh and speak Spanish. We’ve compiled a list of the funniest Spanish jokes that will

Jokes about French

In this article, we’ll explore the humorous side of French culture through a collection of jokes about French. Let’s get started! Jokes about French Welcome

News in French: free resources

In this article, we will explore a variety of websites, podcasts, TV channels, and other resources that you can use to stay informed about news

Short German jokes

Laugh your way through language learning with our collection of short German jokes. Discover the funniest puns, one-liners, and more in our guide! German humor

The basic Spanish hand gestures

In this blog post, we will explore the most important Spanish hand gestures, and their meanings, providing a guide to effectively communicate with Spanish speakers

Beautiful French words with meaning

Discover the beauty of the French language by learning its meanings. Learn the beautiful French words and its meaning. Beautiful French words A lot of

How do you say “good” in French?

Learn how to say “good” in French with our easy guide. Perfect for beginners and travelers looking to improve their language skills. “Good” in French

How to say “Cat” in French

How to say cat in French? What’s the word for a kitten in French? Learn more about the basic terminologies of our favorite fur pet

Learn French with PDF resources

Do you know that you can learn French with PDF resources? In this article, we will explore the advantages of using PDF resources to learn

Funny French jokes

Welcome to our article on Funny French jokes! Are you ready to simultaneously laugh and learn a little bit about French culture? French humor can

Funny German jokes

Welcome to our article on Funny German jokes! Get ready to chuckle at some of the funniest German jokes. German jokes Germany has a rich

Quotes in France by famous people

In this article, we will explore some of the most memorable and inspiring quotes in France from French people that have been passed down through

Quotes in Spain by famous people

In today’s post, you’ll learn some famous quotes in Spain by famous people. Quotes in Spain Spain has a rich cultural history and has produced

Best German proverbs

This article will explore some of the most popular German proverbs and delve into their meanings and origins. Check this out! German proverbs German proverbs

French Riddles

Learning some French riddles and playing with a French-speaking friend are great ways to practice if you know a little French. French riddles A good

How to translate Good Evening in French

Welcome to our article on translating “Good Evening” into French! Suppose you’re planning a trip to a French-speaking country or want to impress your friends

Some facts about the French mafia

Let’s discover some facts about the French mafia. facts about the French mafia The French Mafia is one of the world’s most dangerous criminal organizations.

Some facts about the Spanish mafia

Let’s discover some facts about the Spanish mafia. Facts about the Spanish mafia The Spanish mafia is one of the most active and widespread criminal

Some facts about the German mafia

Let’s discover some facts about the German mafia.  Facts about the German mafia The German Mafia (; Maffia; from Italian mafiusi, “clan”) is a criminal