Spanish prepositions: “Sin…”

spanish prepositions sin

Learning how to use prepositions is one of the best things you could do if you want to become proficient at speaking Spanish.

If you’re a learner that has been on the learning journey for a while, you probably have wondered how to express “the lack of something” in a simple way.

The Spanish word “sin” is one of the most popular prepositions and helps us express lack. “Sin” is a very versatile word because we can also use it as a prefix.

If you seek to improve your Spanish level and expand your vocabulary, you must keep reading this article. Today, we will show you how to use Sin in many different ways.

How to use “sin”

“Sin” is a preposition that can be a wonderful tool in any situation where we want to express “the lack of something”.

In general, we use (“sin” + noun) to do it. With “sin”, no matter if you use a plural or singular, feminine or masculine noun, it won’t change. In other words, it’s an invariable Spanish word.

Let’s see a few examples:

Lleve otra camisa sin costo alguno.

Take another shirt at no cost.

Me quedé sin alternativas.

I was left with no alternatives

Sin tí, mi vida no sería la misma.

Without you, my life would not be the same.

In these sentences, you may notice that we could use “sin” at the beginning of the sentence or in the middle. We never use “sin” at the end of a sentence as it’s always followed by a noun, a verb, or a pronoun.

Please, note that sin’s main purpose is to denote lack, scarcity, or deprivation.

How to use “sin” as “fuera de” and “además de”

In some scenarios, “sin” can be an alternative to “fuera de” or “además de”. When we want to use “sin” this way, we often use it together with a pronoun like “otro/a” or “otros/as”.

Let’s look at the following example to understand how we should do this:

Expuso muchas graves razones, sin otras que estimó conveniente callar.

Expuso muchas graves razones, además de que estimó conveniente callar.

English translation: He exposed several serious reasons, without others that he considered convenient to remain silent.

How to use “sin” to express a manner

Using “sin” to express a manner is very common among native Speakers.

In this case, we frequently use the formula (“sin” + verb). The verb generally goes in the infinitive form if we want to give instruction or advice. On the other hand, we can also use the structure (“sin” + infinitive verb + OD/OI pronoun).

Let’s look at the examples below and get a clearer picture:

Tienes que hacerlo sin tocar los cables.

You have to do it without touching the wires.

Para poder permanecer en la biblioteca, debemos estar sin hacer ruido.

To be able to stay in the library, we must be quiet.

No puedo estar sin verte más tiempo.

I can’t be without seeing you longer

Raúl y yo tenemos mucho tiempo sin vernos.

Raúl and I have not seen each other for a long time.

When we want to emphasize the way someone does a task, we can use adjectival nouns to get the job done. The formula would be (“sin” + adjectival noun) instead of (“ sin” + verb).

Here are some examples:

Lo dijo sin mucho entusiasmo.

He said it without much enthusiasm.

Después de hacer ejercicios, Pedro se quedó sin energía.

After exercising, Pedro ran out of energy.

Camila reprobó el examen y pasó varios días sin optimismo.

Camila failed the exam and spent several days without optimism.

Sin comprensión, es difícil comunicarnos.

Without comprehension, it is difficult to communicate.

How to use “sin” to express conditions

Another way to use “sin” is to express conditions. That comes helpful when you want to express your opinion during negotiations, for example. After all, you should never sign a paper unless you agree with all the terms and conditions.

Let’s see the examples below:

No aceptaré la oferta, sin que agreguen los beneficios de salud.

I will not accept the offer, without adding the health benefits.

Sin los documentos, María no podrá pasar el punto de control.

Without the documents, María will not be able to pass the checkpoint.

Please, note that “sin que” is equivalent to “al menos que” in the sentence above. So, we could also say “no aceptaré la oferta, al menos que agreguen los beneficios de salud”.

How to use “sin” as a prefix.

Usually, we combine prefixes with the root word. However, when we use “sin” as a prefix and choose if combine it or not with the root word. The use of “sin” has given native speakers the opportunity to build many new words that, nowadays, are accepted by the RSA.

If you aren’t familiar with the RSA term, let’s say it’s the equivalent of Oxford.

If we have a word starting with “p” or “b” and we want to use “sin” as a prefix, we would use “sim-“ instead of “sin-“.

Let’s look at the following words to get a better idea of how we should use the prefix “sin-“/”sim-“:

Sinfín = Endless

Sinnúmero = without number

Sinrazón = unreason

Simpar = peerless/ matchless

Sinvergüenza = Scoundrel

“Simpar” is frequently written as “Sin par”. Still, it’s completely correct to use the word “simpar”.

Spanish prepositions

In summary, the preposition “sin” is translated to “without”.

Yet, sin’s translation will depend on the scenario and what you want to express. Although the main purpose of “sin” is to express lack and deprivation, you now know it has many other uses.

If you want to use “sin” to express manner, don’t forget to use the verb either in the infinitive form or with an OI/OD pronoun.

Also, during negotiations, you shouldn’t sign papers without expressing your conditions. Don’t hesitate to use “sin” to do it, you’ll thank us later.

Related Posts

AP Spanish Language Practice

Looking to improve your Spanish skills to take your AP exam? Getting the highest score is just a click away! Find the best AP Spanish

English vs Spanish Language

Are you an English speaker and looking to learn Spanish? As siblings descended from Romance languages, they naturally share similarities. Check them out in our

French and Spanish Language Comparison

Do you wanna know how the two most passionate languages are similar? Let’s talk about the differences and similarities between these romance languages! Welcome to

When did Kobe Learn Spanish

Loving father, ideal husband, amazing man, successful Lakers player, businessman, and he also speaks Spanish! Do you know who he is? How could he do

ALTA Spanish Language Test Questions

Are you taking your ALTA language exam? Don’t let it catch you off guard. Check out the ALTA Spanish Language Test Questions for your high

I Hate the Spanish Language

Do you think Spanish is a beautiful and linguistically rich language? What about the negative opinions that hinder your choice to learn it as a

Get a Certificate in French Language

If you ask yourself why should you take the certification course in French, we’ll help you decide in which cases is useful and in which

What does “Doux” mean in French?

Discover the meaning of “doux” in French and its various uses. Learn how to use this common word in everyday conversation and improve your French

Need in French: Avoir Besoin

It’s in the human need to have needs, right? Learning how to express your needs in French is by all means an important step in

German riddles

Looking for some fun ways to practice your German language skills? Check out our collection of German riddles and tongue twisters! Test your wit and

Cheers in French: 8 happy ways to say it

Celebrate in French style! This blog showcases 8 happy ways to say “cheers” in French, perfect for impressing your French-speaking friends. Santé! How to say

Different Ways to Use Fois in French

Fois is a very common French word, used in different contexts. English speakers oftentimes confuse it with the word “temps”. In this lesson, you’ll learn

Funniest French jokes

In this article, we will share some of the funniest French jokes  that will have you laughing out loud. Let’s get started! Funniest French jokes

Funniest Spanish jokes

¡Hola! You’re in for a treat if you love to laugh and speak Spanish. We’ve compiled a list of the funniest Spanish jokes that will

Jokes about French

In this article, we’ll explore the humorous side of French culture through a collection of jokes about French. Let’s get started! Jokes about French Welcome

News in French: free resources

In this article, we will explore a variety of websites, podcasts, TV channels, and other resources that you can use to stay informed about news

Short German jokes

Laugh your way through language learning with our collection of short German jokes. Discover the funniest puns, one-liners, and more in our guide! German humor

The basic Spanish hand gestures

In this blog post, we will explore the most important Spanish hand gestures, and their meanings, providing a guide to effectively communicate with Spanish speakers

Beautiful French words with meaning

Discover the beauty of the French language by learning its meanings. Learn the beautiful French words and its meaning. Beautiful French words A lot of

How do you say “good” in French?

Learn how to say “good” in French with our easy guide. Perfect for beginners and travelers looking to improve their language skills. “Good” in French

How to say “Cat” in French

How to say cat in French? What’s the word for a kitten in French? Learn more about the basic terminologies of our favorite fur pet

Learn French with PDF resources

Do you know that you can learn French with PDF resources? In this article, we will explore the advantages of using PDF resources to learn

Funny French jokes

Welcome to our article on Funny French jokes! Are you ready to simultaneously laugh and learn a little bit about French culture? French humor can

Funny German jokes

Welcome to our article on Funny German jokes! Get ready to chuckle at some of the funniest German jokes. German jokes Germany has a rich

Quotes in France by famous people

In this article, we will explore some of the most memorable and inspiring quotes in France from French people that have been passed down through

Quotes in Spain by famous people

In today’s post, you’ll learn some famous quotes in Spain by famous people. Quotes in Spain Spain has a rich cultural history and has produced

Best German proverbs

This article will explore some of the most popular German proverbs and delve into their meanings and origins. Check this out! German proverbs German proverbs

French Riddles

Learning some French riddles and playing with a French-speaking friend are great ways to practice if you know a little French. French riddles A good

How to translate Good Evening in French

Welcome to our article on translating “Good Evening” into French! Suppose you’re planning a trip to a French-speaking country or want to impress your friends

Some facts about the French mafia

Let’s discover some facts about the French mafia. facts about the French mafia The French Mafia is one of the world’s most dangerous criminal organizations.

Some facts about the Spanish mafia

Let’s discover some facts about the Spanish mafia. Facts about the Spanish mafia The Spanish mafia is one of the most active and widespread criminal

Some facts about the German mafia

Let’s discover some facts about the German mafia.  Facts about the German mafia The German Mafia (; Maffia; from Italian mafiusi, “clan”) is a criminal