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Which languages are hard to learn languages?

hard to learn languages

Language learners often choose an easy language to learn which is similar to their native language.

Although many people think that the English language is the easiest, there are many countries that aren’t familiar with its terms of grammar, vowel sounds, and even pronunciation.

Sometimes, even a popular language learned by students from an English-speaking country will find it hard to learn Indo-European languages similar to English.

Let’s learn which are hard to learn languages.

Usual criteria for the hardest languages

Being recognized as a hard to learn language, specific requirements should be met.

According to linguists, there are many reasons and aspects that may affect a person’s perception of language learning.

What do some language students say about challenging languages? We’ve summarized a few of them.

Grammatical concepts

Does the language’s grammar resemble your original/native language?

Does it introduce new policies for gender, conjugation, and other

Or are there distinctions in word order, the number of verb tenses, or other topics?

There are many rules and patterns that you might need to be familiar with before learning a new language that is different from what you are used to.

Sounds and tonations

Are there any new or unusual sounds?

Is tonal (multiple inflections of similar sounds for various meanings) used in the language?

Tonal languages are spoken by around 1.5 billion people.

Tone might be one of the most difficult things for a language student to achieve.

Many language families have similar pronunciations and words almost sound the same.

Available language resources

Special cases like the availability of language resources are what make a language easy to learn.

However, there are many languages today on the brink of extinction due to outstanding factors such as:

  • Deliberate eradication due to genocide (e.g. during the Nazi period)
  • Colonization
  • Pressure to learn another language due to economical shifts
  • Tribal languages that are exclusive (some tribes have their own sign languages too)
  • Families not being able to pass down their native language to their children or relatives

Many of these languages come from an exclusive community such as remote tribes or places that are dangerous to every human.

Because so many languages are at risk of extinction, linguists are attempting to learn as much as possible about them, so that even if the language goes, all knowledge of the language will not perish at the same time.

Researchers document language usage in both formal and casual situations on videotapes, audiotapes, and written records, as well as translations.

They also study the lexicon and norms of the language and create dictionaries and grammar.

Linguists also engage with communities all around the globe to conserve their languages, providing both technical and practical assistance with language education, preservation, and resurrection.

If you are studying an endangered language, it may be a great help for the other linguists that are trying to save these languages.

Your language skills

Some people learn even the most challenging language faster than others.

Language specialists believe that the younger you start learning a new language, the better you will be at it and the more native-like you will sound.

Genes, neurotransmitters, and brain areas involved in long-term memory all have a role.

When people speak a second language, they are likely to use a variety of different structures than when they speak their first.

The challenge of languages and your ability to learn them is not just an intrapersonal

Still, it is very important to get immersed

Complex Grammar rules

Achieving total fluency for hard to learn languages is impossible if you’re aiming for a one-year study only.

A foreign language that’s totally different from your native language family might need years of habitual practice.

For complex grammar rules, it is important to decide on which aspect of that grammar you want to focus on.

Don’t rush yourself in learning loads of vocabulary and determining to study only to end up being burned out in the end.

Hard to learn languages

There is no one easy language to learn. Learning a new language will definitely take some time, no matter what level you start off at.

Here are the most voted hard to learn languages by students globally.


Many people become scared if they see thousands of characters in an al

Mandarin is might be seen as the most complex language

Because Mandarin is a tonal language, misconceptions are typical when you first learn it. However, this may occur in any language!

So don’t be too harsh on yourself if you find it difficult to speak and comprehend Mandarin Chinese at first.

You must teach your ear to hear and your mouth to speak the essential sounds of Chinese. It’s like learning a new instrument.

You won’t comprehend it right away, but the more you exercise and train your muscles, the better.

The nicest aspect about learning Mandarin is that you have access to a variety of fresh information while also connecting with a beautiful culture with a rich past.

Try to concentrate on pronunciation when speaking Mandarin Chinese.

It is quite simple to improve your reading skills and expand your vocabulary, but it is more vital to get your pronunciation right early rather than later so that you do not wind up ingraining the incorrect pronunciation into your muscle memory when reading in Chinese.


Russian is one of the most well-known European languages, having over 150 million native speakers worldwide.

Learning Russian is a unique experience because of the complex case and gender system, many grammatical rules, and distinctive writing styles.

You should make it a goal to learn from mistakes in pronunciation and spelling for the Cyrillic alphabet.

For people who desire to visit Russia and learn about its cultural identity and significant historical events, Russian is a pleasant language to learn!


To learn Arabic, you must first master a new alphabet and become accustomed to reading from left to right.

Many of the language’s sounds are difficult for English speakers to learn, and the grammar is dense with irregular verbs.

Even if you can get beyond all of that, it is a language with many, many dialects that differ greatly.

For that reason, you may need to study what a tonal language usually sounds like. Especially for Arabic that may have a difficult pronunciation


Afrikaans, South Africa’s national language, is – surprise! – a close cousin of Dutch.

This is due to the Dutch colonists who arrived in South Africa in the 1600s, who brought Afrikaans with them.

Afrikaans was then influenced by indigenous languages and other linguists.

Afrikaans is one of the simplest languages to learn for an English native speaker.

It, like English, has a singular gender: die, which is used in the same way as the is in English.

Another advantage is that Afrikaan verbs do not conjugate according to person, therefore there are very few endings and noun genders to master than in Dutch.

Finally, spelling is quite intuitive, with many words written in a style that is midway between Dutch and English.

Consider the word for the sun: zon in Dutch and son in Afrikaans.


Native languages or those that are from the ethnic tribes are really hard to teach.

Sometimes, these languages are on the brink of extinction.

As mentioned earlier, there are languages that may have fewer resources which will make it harder to learn that language.

Navajo is among the hardest languages due to the many consonants, accents, and added letters in the Latin alphabet

Furthermore, it has components of agglutination, in which prefixes and suffixes substitute prepositions (the same as that lengthy Hungarian word), but Navajo accomplishes it in such an unexpected manner that some believe it to be… not an agglutinative language.

Another factor that makes learning Navajo difficult is that it is not commonly spoken.

There are just about 170,000 Navajo speakers in the United States.

One of the finest and most significant methods to learn a language is to immerse oneself in it and practice with native speakers as often as possible.

Tips to make your language progress easier

We live in an era where we can connect with nearly everyone on the globe, and while some languages are more widely spoken than others, they will not always be the easiest language to master.

Sometimes a business or societal reasons force us to go to different parts of the world.

English, for example, is spoken and taught all over the world, yet we can’t and shouldn’t always rely on one language to express our thoughts and communicate.

Looking for a language partner will help you with hard to learn languages and give you the motivation to continue despite it being challenging.

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